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Loan Participation Agreement Tax Treatment

When it comes to loan participation agreements, understanding the tax treatment is essential. A loan participation agreement is an agreement between two or more lenders to jointly fund a loan to a borrower. In a loan participation agreement, each lender buys a percentage of the loan and assumes a proportionate share of the risk. This agreement is crucial for lenders who are looking to diversify their loan portfolio and mitigate their risk.

Tax Treatment of Loan Participation Agreement

The tax treatment of loan participation agreements is governed by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Under the IRS, the income from a loan participation agreement is taxed as interest income. The lender who holds the loan participation agreement receives a portion of the interest paid by the borrower in proportion to the percentage of the loan they funded. In addition to the interest income, the lender may also receive a fee for servicing the loan. This fee is also taxable income.

The tax treatment for the borrower is also straightforward. The borrower deducts the interest paid on the loan participation agreement as an expense on their tax returns. The borrower also deducts the servicing fee as an expense.

Tax Reporting Requirements

Both the lender and the borrower must report the loan participation agreement on their tax returns. The lender must report the interest income received on Schedule B of their tax return. The borrower must report the interest paid on Schedule C if they are a sole proprietor or Schedule E if they are a partnership or S corporation.


In conclusion, loan participation agreements are an excellent way for lenders to diversify their loan portfolio and mitigate their risk. Understanding the tax treatment of loan participation agreements is crucial for both lenders and borrowers. This knowledge will ensure that both parties can accurately report their income and expenses on their tax returns. If you are considering a loan participation agreement, it is essential to consult with a tax professional to ensure full compliance with IRS regulations.